The process of obtaining a green card in the United States can be a long and complicated journey for many applicants. One of the key components of the green card process is the I-485 form, also known as the Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status. Understanding the I-485 processing time is crucial for green card applicants, as it can affect the timing of their ability to work, travel, and ultimately become a permanent resident in the US.

What is the average I-485 processing time?

The average processing time for an I-485 application varies depending on a number of factors, including the volume of applications received by USCIS and the workload of the local USCIS office.

I-485  Family-Base Processing Time

CategoryOffice80% of cases are completed within
Family-based adjustment applicationsAgana GU23 Months
Albany NY31.5 Months
Albuquerque NM17 Months
Anchorage AK25 Months
Atlanta GA35 Months
Baltimore MD47 Months
Boise ID26 Months
Boston MA23 Months
Brooklyn NY40.5 Months
Buffalo NY19 Months
Burlington VT22.5 Months
Charleston SC24 Months
Charlotte Amalie VI19.5 Months
Charlotte NC23 Months
Chicago IL20.5 Months
Christiansted VI12 Months
Cincinnati OH19 Months
Cleveland OH17 Months
Columbus OH19 Months
Dallas TX24 Months
Denver CO20 Months
Des Moines IA15 Months
Detroit MI15.5 Months
El Paso TX16.5 Months
Fort Myers FL18.5 Months
Fort Smith AR18 Months
Fresno CA18 Months
Greer SC16.5 Months
Harlingen TX15 Months
Hartford CT16.5 Months
Helena MT16.5 Months
Hialeah FL18 Months
Honolulu HI27 Months
Houston TX24 Months
Imperial CA15.5 Months
Indianapolis IN23.5 Months
Jacksonville FL22.5 Months
Kansas City MO19 Months
Kendall FL19.5 Months
Las Vegas NV30 Months
Lawrence MA16.5 Months
Long Island NY27.5 Months
Los Angeles CA19.5 Months
Los Angeles County CA17 Months
Louisville KY18 Months
Manchester NH16 Months
Memphis TN15 Months
Miami FL25.5 Months
Milwaukee WI25.5 Months
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN36 Months
Montgomery AL29 Months
Mount Laurel NJ26 Months
Nashville TN20 Months
Newark NJ23.5 Months
New Orleans LA25.5 Months
New York City NY17 Months
Norfolk VA22.5 Months
Oakland Park FL19.5 Months
Oklahoma City OK16.5 Months
Omaha NE32.5 Months
Orlando FL17.5 Months
Philadelphia PA22 Months
Phoenix AZ14.5 Months
Pittsburgh PA24.5 Months
Portland ME16 Months
Portland OR21 Months
Providence RI21 Months
Queens NY24.5 Months
Raleigh NC23 Months
Reno NV24.5 Months
Sacramento CA33 Months
Saint Louis MO16 Months
Salt Lake City UT27 Months
San Antonio TX15.5 Months
San Bernardino CA14.5 Months
San Diego CA20.5 Months
San Fernando Valley CA16.5 Months
San Francisco CA31 Months
San Jose CA35 Months
San Juan PR23.5 Months
Santa Ana CA15.5 Months
Seattle WA29 Months
Spokane WA26 Months
Tampa FL15 Months
Tucson AZ16.5 Months
Washington DC18 Months
West Palm Beach FL20 Months
Wichita KS20 Months
Yakima WA26.5 Months

I-485 Employment-Base Processing Time

CategoryOffice80% of cases are completed within
Employment-based adjustment applicationsCalifornia Service Center29 Months
Nebraska Service Center12.5 Months
Texas Service Center31.5 Months
Agana GU22 Months
Albany NY22 Months
Albuquerque NM21.5 Months
Anchorage AK13 Months
Atlanta GA22 Months
Baltimore MD23 Months
Boise ID20 Months
Boston MA21 Months
Brooklyn NY20 Months
Buffalo NY21 Months
Burlington VT21 Months
Charleston SC22.5 Months
Charlotte Amalie VI20 Months
Charlotte NC22 Months
Chicago IL22 Months
Christiansted VI21.5 Months
Cincinnati OH21.5 Months
Cleveland OH20.5 Months
Columbus OH21 Months
Dallas TX21.5 Months
Denver CO21 Months
Des Moines IA20.5 Months
Detroit MI21.5 Months
El Paso TX21.5 Months
Fort Myers FL21.5 Months
Fort Smith AR20 Months
Fresno CA22 Months
Greer SC20 Months
Harlingen TX6.5 Months
Hartford CT21 Months
Helena MT18 Months
Hialeah FL21 Months
Honolulu HI44 Months
Houston TX23 Months
Imperial CA20.5 Months
Indianapolis IN20.5 Months
Jacksonville FL21.5 Months
Kansas City MO20.5 Months
Kendall FL21 Months
Las Vegas NV21.5 Months
Lawrence MA21.5 Months
Long Island NY20 Months
Los Angeles CA21 Months
Los Angeles County CA21 Months
Louisville KY20 Months
Manchester NH21.5 Months
Memphis TN19 Months
Miami FL20 Months
Milwaukee WI15 Months
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN21.5 Months
Montgomery AL20.5 Months
Mount Laurel NJ21 Months
Nashville TN21 Months
Newark NJ21.5 Months
New Orleans LA20 Months
New York City NY20 Months
Norfolk VA21 Months
Oakland Park FL20 Months
Oklahoma City OK17 Months
Omaha NE20 Months
Orlando FL21 Months
Philadelphia PA19.5 Months
Phoenix AZ22 Months
Pittsburgh PA21.5 Months
Portland ME22.5 Months
Portland OR20.5 Months
Providence RI21.5 Months
Queens NY20.5 Months
Raleigh NC21 Months
Reno NV20.5 Months
Sacramento CA22.5 Months
Saint Louis MO17 Months
Salt Lake City UT15.5 Months
San Antonio TX21.5 Months
San Bernardino CA21.5 Months
San Diego CA21.5 Months
San Fernando Valley CA21.5 Months
San Francisco CA22 Months
San Jose CA22 Months
San Juan PR21 Months
Santa Ana CA18.5 Months
Seattle WA21.5 Months
Spokane WA19.5 Months
Tampa FL21 Months
Tucson AZ21.5 Months
Washington DC24 Months
West Palm Beach FL21 Months
Wichita KS19 Months
Yakima WA21 Months

I-485 Other Category Processing Time

CategoryOffice80% of cases are completed within
Under the Haitian Refugee Immigrant Fairness Act (HRIFA)Nebraska Service Center26.5 Months
Based on grant of asylum more than 1 year agoNebraska Service Center37 Months
Based on grant of asylum more than 1 year agoTexas Service Center36.5 Months
Based on refugee admission more than 1 year agoNebraska Service Center35.5 Months
Based on an approved T VisaVermont Service Center29.5 Months
Based on an approved U VisaNebraska Service Center15.5 Months
Based on an approved U VisaVermont Service Center24.5 Months

What is the I-485 form and what is it used for?

The I-485 form is a key component of the green card process. It is used to apply for permanent residency in the United States and is the final step in the process for most green card applicants. The I-485 form must be filed with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and is used to request an adjustment of status from a nonimmigrant visa to a permanent resident status.

What factors affect the I-485 processing time?

There are several factors that can affect the processing time of an I-485 application. Some of these factors include:

  • The volume of applications received by USCIS
  • The complexity of the individual case
  • The workload of the local USCIS office
  • The availability of staff and resources at USCIS


How to check the status of your I-485 application?

To check the status of your I-485 application, you can visit the USCIS website and enter your receipt number. You can also call the USCIS National Customer Service Center for information about your case.

Tips for speeding up the I-485 processing time

There are several steps you can take to help speed up the I-485 processing time:

  • File your application as soon as possible
  • Ensure that your application is complete and accurate
  • Respond promptly to any requests for additional information from USCIS
  • Provide all required documentation and evidence in a timely manner

In conclusion, the I-485 processing time is a critical component of the green card process and it is important for applicants to understand what to expect during the process. By following these tips and being prepared, you can help ensure that your I-485 application is processed as quickly as possible.

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